A noun for starters, and defined as the art or profession of visual communication that combines images, words, and ideas to convey information to an audience, especially to produce a specific effect.
For as long as I can remember I have always wanted to be a Graphic Designer… a long long time ago I use to daydreaming of landing an awesome job at a Record Label designing album covers. At 14/15 years of age how was I to know that job didn’t exist in Renfrew County ;-) Nevertheless, it didn’t dampen my spirit or passion for creating life in print. And 30 years later I still love to go to work everyday and see what wonderful designs I can create.
With this blog I am looking forward to helping our audience understand exactly what the art of the graphic design is and how it impacts our lives every single day, whether it be in print or on the world wide web.
To begin with, let’s go way, way back and touch on the history of graphic design.
- 15,000-10,000 BC: The first known visual communication, with pictographs and symbols in the Lascaux Caves in southern France.
- 3600 BC: The oldest artifact known to combine words and pictures is the Blau Monument.
- 1045 AD: Pi Sheng invents movable type, allowing for characters to be individually placed for printing.
- 105 AD: Credited with inventing paper is a Chinese Government official Tsíai Lun (Cai Lun)
- 1450: Johann Gensfleisch zum Gutenburg is credited with perfecting the system for printing type in books.
- 1460: Albrecht Pfister is the first to add illustrations to a printed book.
- 1530: Claude Garamond opens the first type foundry, developing and selling fonts to printers.
- 1760: Industrial Revolution begins, setting the stage for advances in graphic design production.
- 1816: The first appearance of sans-serif font makes a subtle entrance as one line of a book.
- 1880: Development of halftone screen allows for first photo printed with a full range of tones.
- 1890: Art Nouveau movement begins and changes design, making its way into all types of commercial design and utilizing all types of art.
- 1910: This is the year that corporate image or logo/brands started making their marks.
- 1956: The IBM logo was designed by Paul Rand using City Medium typeface.
- 1969: The first computer mouse is developed, setting the stage for the future tool of graphic design.
- 1984: The first MacIntosh computer is released by Apple and featured bitmap graphics.
- 1985: Pagemaker software is developed and plays a role in coining the phrase Desktop Publishing.
- 1990: Photoshop version 1 is released.
- 1990: Physicist Tim Berners-Lee developes the world wide web, along with HTML and the concept of website addresses.
We’ve certainly come a long way from pictographs and with today’s technology who knows how far Graphic Design will go. Next month we will touch on importance of Typography in Graphic Design, until then … live life creatively.
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